Veterinarian formation in France is under “The European Board of Veterinary Specialization (EBVS)” and it is composed of one voting representative from each of the 26 EBVS-recognized veterinary specialist colleges. Each of the colleges has a similar Constitution and By-laws known as the Policies and Procedures to those of EBVS. This includes objectives, types of membership, organization and officers and appeals against adverse decisions. The colleges with provisional approval has five years to comply with these criteria before an application for full recognition can be submitted to EBVS. In 2014, 21 of the 26 Colleges has received full recognition from EBVS in full or in part and four Colleges have provisional recognition. For more information or to visit the website of any of the EBVS-recognized veterinary specialist Colleges EBVS is a European organization focuses on veterinary specialization in the Member States of the European Union and its neigh ours, particularly Switzerland and Norway. EBVS specialists are also found in other countries such as the USA and Australia. More information about veterinary specialists, the veterinary profession as a whole and establishments for training veterinarians in countries where EBVS has a representative can be accessed via the country icons.
EBVS awards European Veterinary Specialist status based on a specialist diploma being awarded by one of the 27 recognized veterinary specialist colleges following the completion of rigorous postgraduate training, education, and examinations. In addition, European Veterinary Specialists™ are required to demonstrate every five-years that they still satisfy the criteria for specialist status. European Veterinary ( veterinaire garde ) Specialistsare ready to serve the public, its animals, and the veterinary profession by providing high quality service in disciplines as varied as anesthesia and analgesia, clinical pathology, companion animal or equine internal medicine, surgery, ophthalmology, pathology, pharmacology and toxicology, public health, and zoological medicine. The number of veterinarians active as European Veterinary Specialists has grown from 267 in 1996 to more than 3860 by 2018. Veterinary education in France is very diverse, veterinary qualifications in France all include a mandatory thesis, which has to be completed during the calendar year following graduation as a veterinarian. The title of “Veterinary Doctor” is in common usage in France.
There are several species-oriented membership organization for veterinarians in France including the “Association Française des Vétérinaires pour Animaux de Compagnie” for companion animals practitioners, “Association Vétérinaire Equine Française” for equine practitioners, and the “SociétéNationale des Groupements Techniques Vétérinaires”for livestock practitioners. There is also a membership organization for veterinary specialists based in France. The membership organizations do not have any regulatory function. A Future in Veterinary Medicine: Veterinary Medicine is for those who are passionate about helping animals lead healthy and happy lives, the education of veterinary medicine in France gives the tools to do that, whether it’s in the classroom or beyond it. Students work in new, state-of-the-art facilities alongside our world-class faculty including specialists in cardiology, oncology, imaging and rehabilitation. The individual attention of students get from faculty and hospital staff is, in part, why year after year 100% percent of the students pass their board exams; plus it’s all about helping our students become the very best practitioners and researchers. The primary goals of the veterinary teaching in France are: To teach veterinary students in the professional curriculum, to provide service to animal owners, to serve as a referral center for veterinary practitioners, to provide emergency care, to provide telephone consultation to practitioners, to provide an intellectual and academic atmosphere that is conducive to improving the state of the art of veterinary medicine. Within the academic programs in the veterinary medicine in France, are options such as residencies and internships. All residency and internship openings are found through the “Veterinary Internship and residency Matching program”. This program may include: Small animal rotating internships, small animal internal medicine residency program, small animal surgery residency program, cardiology residency program, oncology residency program, large animal internal medicine residency program, large animal surgery residency program, and Theriogenology residency program.
The French higher education system is characterized by the coexistence of several types of institution. There are: universities; grand’sétablissements publics (major public institutions); grandesécoles(Elite schools); administrative public institutions; private higher institutions or schools. “Grandesécoles” (elite schools) “Grandesécoles” is a title that covers engineering colleges, “écolesnormalessupérieures” (ENS), business schools and veterinarian colleges. These grandesécoles are characterized by a very selective admissions policy and the high- level of training and qualifications dispensed (five years of higher education). Certification: with three hundred credits, the national´s master’s degree is awarded. The University grade of master can be conferred by the state after a national assessment and examination, at the “Conseil National de l’enseignementsupérieuret de la recherche (CNESER)”. To holders of other diplomats such as qualified engineers, after assessment by the commission des titresd’ingénieurs (CTI – engineers’ diploma committee); the end of course diploma awarded by an Institutd’étudespolitiques (IEP – political studies institute);the veterinarian surgeon’s state diploma.
In France, there are more than 3,500 public and private institutes of higher education. Universities receive 75% of the foreign students who pick France for their post-secondary education. These public institutes of higher education are financed by the French State. Located all around France, the universities confer national degrees (Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctorate) that all have the same academic value. Everyone who has a high school diploma or equivalent can enroll in first year. Science, literature, languages, arts, humanities, medicine and sport: university programs cover all of the areas of learning and research. In France, 20% of foreign students are enrolled in a program in the “GrandesEcoles”.ÉcolesNormalesSupérieures(ENS -Institutes of Advanced Education), Institutsd’EtudesPolitiques (IEP – Political Science Institutes), engineering schools, business and management schools, veterinary schools and a few others, these GrandesEcoles are public and private institutes of higher education recognized by the State. They confer degrees for five years of undergraduate studies, and some award the title of Master. Much of the training is provided in English.
Admission to the “GrandesEcoles” is very selective. It is based on a competitive entry exam after two years of preparatory classes, with an appropriate degree or directly after high school for schools that have an integrated preparatory program. Tuition and fees are higher than for university. In France, a degree is considered “national” when it is recognized, meaning accredited, by the State. This recognition is a guarantee of quality. It involves the following degrees:
- the Brevets de TechnicienSupérieur (BTS – two-year technical degree), DiplômesUniversitairesTechnologiques(DUT – two-year technical degrees), licences and licencesprofessionnelles (Bachelor’s degrees), Master’s and the Doctorates awarded by French universities;
- the title of engineer, which confers the rank of Master, awarded by the CTI(Commission des Titresd’Ingénieurs – Engineering Title Commission);
- degrees from business and management schools that are certified by the CEFDG(Commission d’Evaluation des Formations et Diplômes de Gestion– Management Training and Degree Evaluation Commission);
- professional training registered with the Répertoire National des Certifications Professionnelles(RNCP – National Registry of Professional Certification);
- Specific training (architecture, arts, political science, etc.) certified by the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation.
When a degree is not recognized by the State, it bears the name of the institute that awarded it. It may have value on the work market, but does not provide an equivalence enabling the bearer to continue his or her studies.
Cost of education in France
The cost of studying in France is among the lowest in the world. For both French and foreign students, the State pays most of the tuition fees for education in higher public institutes. Studying in France means having access to quality academic programs open to most people. French tuition fees are low as the State pays most of the cost of education provided in public institutes. The real cost of studying is the same as elsewhere. The difference is that in France, whether you are French or foreign, the State pays most of the cost. This represents an average annual investment of EUR 14,000 per student.
Tuition fees for all public institutions are down for the academic year 2018/19
- EUR 170 for one year at the Bachelor’s level;
- EUR 243 for one year at the Master’s level;
- EUR 601 for one year in an engineering school;
- EUR 380 for one year of a Doctorate.
Tuition fees in private French institutes
Tuition fees in private institutes, especially in business schools, are quite a bit more than in public ones. In general, it costs EUR 3,000 to EUR 10,000 per year. Visit the site of each institute to find out exactly how much tuition is for your program. In France, 18% of students are enrolled in private institutes. The private nature of an institute means it was not created by the State. The level of public financing is therefore variable. In some cases, the State officially recognizes an institute and authorizes it to confer national degrees. It then has a right to scrutinize the programs that are offered there, which ensures service and quality. For example, the five Catholic institutes (Paris, Lille, Angers, Lyon, Toulouse) and some business and engineering schools are private institutes recognized by the State. The veterinary profession has achieved its respect and legal status across Europe as a result of its “social contract” to deliver high quality services in animal and public health and welfare to society without abusing its privileges. Like other professions, this is achieved through formal education and assessments, to ensure threshold standards are achieved at entry and more advanced levels, collective commitment to lifelong learning, codes of conduct, and maintenance and policing of registers of those qualified to practice. The veterinary profession has been providing essential services to society since its emergence in France just over 250 years ago. Its “social contract” obliges it to: Promote standardized education to first degree level, and higher levels (currently agreed as “middle tier” and specialist) to ensure robust assessment for those registered as competent at each knowledge and skill level, and in each domain. To Require continuing education, to ensure that all veterinarians remain up-to-date in relation to their area(s) and level of activity To achieve this, in the interests of animal and public health and welfare.
Continuing education of veterinary general practitioners
Compulsory continuing education requirements are in place for all veterinary surgeons, as mandated by the Ministry of Agriculture and the “Ordre des Vétérinaires”. The records of attendance to continuing education sessions delivered by Professional Organizations or Veterinary Schools are kept at practitioner level. As it is compulsory, continuing education does not lead to the use of any qualification in France.
Advanced Veterinary Practitioners
France is currently establishing a “middle tier” qualification, between basic clinical level and specialist level. At the present time there is not yet a separate list of these nationally recognized Advanced Practitioners but it is likely that it will be available from the “Ordre des Vétérinaires” in the future. Advanced Practitioners are not allowed to call themselves specialists. The procedure for middle tier qualifications is not yet established for all species. For some species (e.g. equine) the validation of acquired experience (VAE) system under academic supervision has been adopted. This aims to ensure that practitioners have sufficient general knowledge and experience in equine clinical sciences to be examined. The most important thing to look at when researching veterinary schools in France is to determine whether or not the school you are considering is accredited through the American Veterinary Medical Foundation (AVMF). Currently, there are a total of 217 AVMF-accredited programs nationwide, eight of which offer distance learning degrees. Before even considering a school make sure it is accredited. Another consideration you should make is to assess whether or not the school offers internships and externships. In order to be prepared for a career as a veterinary technician, you need hands on experience working with animals in real world settings. Internships and externships give you the experience you need while you are still in school.Read More